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Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that exists naturally in many foods, is added to some, and is used as a dietary supplement. Your body is unable to manufacture vitamin B6 and you need to get it from foods or supplements. Most people get adequate vitamin B6 from their diet but there could be a chance of deficiency in some populations. For optimum health, it is necessary to ingest sufficient quantities of vitamin B6, which can also prevent and cure chronic diseases.
It is the common term for six vitamin B6-activated compounds (vitamins): pyridoxine, alcohol; pyridoxal, an aldehyde; and pyridoxamine, containing […]

Vitamin B-9 (Folate, Folic Acid)

One of the 8 B vitamins is vitamin B9, also called folate or folic acid. Both B vitamins enable the body to transform food (carbohydrates) to fuel (glucose), which is used for energy production. These B vitamins, often referred to as vitamins in the B-complex, also help the body use fats and protein. A healthy liver needs B-complex vitamins, and good skin, hair, and teeth.
Folate is the primary source of vitamin B9 and is water-soluble and is present naturally in many foods. It is also added to food and marketed in the form of folic acid as a supplement; in […]

Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamin)

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin naturally found in some foods, added to others, and used as a dietary supplement and as a prescription drug.  Since your body does not produce vitamin B12, you must get it from foods and animals or from supplements. And you should do that on a regular basis because your body does not store long-term vitamin B12. Within the foods we eat, vitamin B12 binds to the protein. Hydrochloric acid and enzymes unbind vitamin B12 to their free form in the stomach.
Vitamin B12 occurs in different ways and includes the mineral cobalt, so vitamin B12 […]



Minerals are a different type of micronutrients. Minerals are important for keeping the body clean. For several different roles, the body uses minerals like maintaining the skin, muscles, heart, and brain functioning properly. Minerals are important for the development of enzymes and hormones too.
There are two mineral groups: major minerals, and trace minerals. For optimum health, the body needs a mineral balance from both classes.
Major minerals are needed in large amounts. Major mineral includes:


Major Minerals are beneficial for bone health, healthy skin, hair, and nails. It maintains the water level of our body.
Trace Minerals are needed in small amounts. Trace […]


Calcium is a vital nutrient in our diets which many of us forget. In every way, almost every cell in the body requires calcium, including the nervous system, the muscles, and the heart. Your body uses calcium to create healthy bones and teeth, keep them solid when you age, transmit signals through your nervous system, strengthen your blood clot, contract your muscles and control the rhythm of your heart. Around 99 percent of the calcium in the bones and teeth is retained in the bloodstream. The remaining 1 percent in the blood, skin, and other tissues.
For calcium to be consumed […]


Magnesium is a mineral that is essential to the functioning of the body.
It helps to sustain the proper functioning of the nerve and muscle, maintains a stable immune system, keeps the rhythm steady, and helps bones remain strong. It also assists in controlling blood glucose levels. It helps in energy and protein production.
Magnesium is a cofactor in more than 300 enzyme systems that regulate various biochemical processes in the body including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve activity, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation.
Magnesium is naturally found in certain foods, added to certain foods, available as a nutritional supplement, and […]


Phosphorus is the second most common mineral in the body. Calcium is first. For certain tasks, the body requires phosphorus, such as removing waste and restoring cells and tissues. Phosphorus is a mineral required for the body to conduct a variety of important functions. This exists naturally in many foods so it can also contribute additional phosphorus to food production. Phosphorus is used in the body to keep the bones solid and stable.
Phosphorus in the form of phospholipids is also a part of the composition of the cell membrane and of the main supply of energy for the body, ATP. […]


Iron is a mineral that certain functions demand in our bodies. For example, iron is part of hemoglobin, a protein that brings oxygen through our whole bodies from our lungs. It helps to preserve and use oxygen for our muscles. Iron is composed of a lot of other proteins and enzymes too. Iron also plays a part in the body in a variety of other essential processes.
Nutritional iron has two primary forms: heme and nonheme. Plants and iron-fortified foods produce only nonheme iron, while beef, fish, and poultry produce heme iron and nonheme iron. Heme iron, which is produced when […]


Zinc is an essential mineral in some foods that is naturally present, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Zinc is also present in many cold lozenges, and some medications marketed as cold medicines over the counter.
It is responsible for a variety of roles in the human body and it appears to activate at least 100 different enzymes to action. It just takes a limited intake of zinc to reap the benefits.
Zinc can be present in cells all over the body. It’s required for the proper functioning of the body’s defense (immune) mechanism. It plays a role in […]


Iodine is required for the development of essential thyroid hormones. Iodine is a trace element in certain foods that is naturally present, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Thyroid hormones play a significant role in a wide range of body functions including metabolism, bone health, immune response, and central nervous system (CNS) growth.
Iodine is an important part of the thyroid hormones Thyroxine (T4) and T3. Thyroid hormones control other essential biochemical processes, including protein synthesis and enzymatic activity, as well as being vital determinants of metabolism.
Not enough dietary iodine can cause severe problems in adults including stunted […]